Tuesday, May 24, 2011

A lost city in the sky: Macho Pichu

Machu Picchu one of the most intriguing destinations on the planet, lies on a perdurable cloud-draped point between the two peaks. The sites as it exists today were built between 1440 and 1450 by Sapa Inca Pachacuti; any prior settlements here were deconstructed by the Inca for the growth of the new colony. The Incan built structure has been consider the “A lost city in the sky”, unknown until its relatively recent discovery in 1911. This site is completed of single buildings arranged in groups, along streets, neighbouring to plazas and terraces. : Macho Pichu the best-known archaeological site in the world.Hikers, tourists, and the early explorers describe similar experience as they climb their way through the Inca Trail. geographically the area is very complex, being a combination of marine sedimentary rocks of the Cretaceous-Tertiary period and intrusive volcanic material, including lavas and granites.

What to See in Macho Pichu

Macho Pichu is one of the most popular archaeological sites of the world, so, it is the most visited attraction in Peru. Chosen in the 7 New Wonders of the World.

Sun Gate

Sun Gate is a precious monument to the history of art and earliest construction. Some elements of Tiwanaku iconography extend all over Peru and parts of Bolivia. even though there have been a range of modern interpretations of the unsolved inscriptions found on the object, the engravings that pattern the gate are believed to acquire astrological significance and may have served a calendrical motive.

Temple of the Sun

The Temple of the Sun was used to honour and celebrate Inti, the Sun, and an significant Incan deity. In the winter when the sun solstice enters through the central window, it falls directly on the large ceremonial stone. The round structure protects that stone. Expert believes it was the domain of female priests, the Virgins of the Sun, but remains found on site are of both genders.

Intihuatana Stone

The Intihuatana stone (Hitching Post of the Sun) also called the Saywa or Sukhanka stone is designed to hitch the sun at the two equinoxes, not at the solstice. At midday on March 21st and September 21st, the sun stands near directly on top of the pillar and creating no shadow at all. At this exact moment the sun "sits with all his might upon the pillar" and is for a moment "tied" to the rock..

Temple of the Three Windows

Temple of the Three Windows is located near the hill where the Sacred Plaza is situated. This temple is visibly familiar because it has 3 trapezoidal windows. The buildings of temple looks like it never had any roof. it was fully made of wood and grass and had decomposed during so many centuries.

Main Temple

The Main Temple is Machu Picchu's chief temple, yet it was not devoted to the worship of solar Inti. In fact, the deity which was worshipped here is not known, though there is speculation that it may have been Wiraqocha, an indivisible Andean god and the supreme Incan deity.

Temple of the Condor

Historians wonder that the head of the condor was used as a sacrificial altar a mummy contained under a small cave in the Temple. Behind the temple, a prison complex stands and is comprised of human-sized niches and an underground maze of dungeons. Historical records shows that documented similar Inca prison sites, an accused citizen would be shackled into the niches for up to 3 days to await the deliberation of his fate. He could be place to death for such sins as idleness, envy, or robbery.

These incredible ruins of Machu Picchu are split into agricultural, religious and residential subparts, where many Incas worked, prayed and lived before Pizarro and his Spaniards arrived, plundered, and basically ended this once magnificent Empire

1 comment:

  1. wow whats great places there are thanks for sharing with us